Posts by Afutami

A generalist idea-organizer constantly in pursuit of an answer. I express my thoughts better in writing.

The Five Stages of Losing

[Disclaimer: needless to say it’s not easy for me to write this and I do this mostly to help myself process than to help you understand why and what’s happening because at the end of the day I don’t owe anyone any explanation. My extended family members do not know about this yet and I will talk to them when the time is right. Please be gentle with your thoughts and comments.]

In 1969, a Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross came up with a framework postulating the pathway of those experiencing grief: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and (eventually) acceptance.

In 2021, the night you said you were coming home, I thought you decided that we could start over, but instead, it was what Kübler-Ross called a “shock event”: you wanted a divorce.

1. Denial

I still vividly remember your expression when you said it—you looked deeply broken-hearted while breaking my heart all at the same time. I wanted to hug you, but at that point I wasn’t sure what we were anymore that perhaps it’s best that I kept our distance. You sat on the staircase and I was on the sofa. We talked for hours all civil—there was plenty of “you know I still love you, but”. My rational brain can’t possibly comprehend what was happening. A minute ago we were a together and overnight you decided to leave.

Nah, I thought. You weren’t thinking straight. It must’ve been a very bad dream.

Barely three hours since we fell asleep, my alarm woke us up and you were still lying next to me. I wished that the moment could linger a little longer. But even then I knew it was going to actually be the last time we shared a bed. You had to leave early for a company shoot. I asked if I could drive you there and you let me. Before we leave, you sat by my side of the bed, looked me in the eye, and asked if this was the right decision, if you were gonna regret this deeply one day. And I said, as someone who genuinely cared for you: that you needed to look after yourself and do what you think is best.

I was clearly blindsided of how painful the separation would be when I said that. When you finally hugged me good bye and and got off the car, it finally dawned on me: you were really gone. And suddenly I lost all the strength I could ever felt in my body and broke into a long cry in that parking lot. A friend had to pick me up and drive my car since I was so weak (grateful for him).

It was like the waterfall we visited in Bandung that one time. I couldn’t stop crying the entire day. And it was barely a start for a lot more crying to come. Forever indebted to the kindest of friends that gave me company in all the crying—their shoulder, their sofa, their bed, and their ears, even across the oceans.

Even after—and in between—all the crying, I silently prepared rebuttals in my head. What you said made absolutely no sense. We would’ve been stronger together. We had always been fixers and this will just be another round of it: we could attend couples therapy, I could change, you could change, and we’d all be better. For a little over a week, I kept sending you the best possible forms of argument on why you should stay. I thought it’ll help you realize how wrong you were and you’d be back with me again by the next week.

But of course you saw beyond what my logic could reach. I’d always hated how you have this conviction; a clear conscience that just knows what is right. I just couldn’t see it yet.

So I went to the one person who understood you but could speak in a language that speaks to my System 2. Then suddenly it all made sense. I understood why you had to leave. Sorry for pulling you back and making you say no over and over again until I finally got it (-ish, because there will always be a tiny part of me that doesn’t).

2. Anger

I was a mess and a lot of things for a whole month by then, but one thing I never was is angry. Did I question why this thing happened to me, out of everyone? Sure. Did I wish something would change your mind? Of course. Did I hate that you had no friends that manage to convince you that we should stick together? Like hell I did. Did I hate you for letting us plan for new chapter in New Zealand and perhaps even with kids? It still cut me deeply remembering this.

But no matter how hard it was since the beginning, I kind of understood why you had to do this for yourself. Trust me kiddo, I do. I know that you never wanted to hurt me, and just wanted to save yourself. But no matter how inadvertently, I was hurt, and I was hurt bad. It was like coming out of the worst war and I had open-flesh wounds all over me. And underneath all of that, you could only find almost-permanent sorrow. I even thought about harming myself just to keep the emotional pain away.

When it came to it, however, I realized the only person I was angry at is myself. Enter:

3. Bargaining

As I drove back and forth between my and my friends’ place (because I can’t stand being home alone throughout the day), I can’t help finding out all the things I could’ve done differently: I should’ve properly treated my mental health so I wouldn’t have breakdowns that slowly led us where we are (although you would say it goes both ways); I should’ve noticed that you stopped arguing with me and letting me pick things instead (which married couples before us had warned us this many times); I thought of the many times I could’ve come back to bed and snuggle with you in the morning—can’t help but wonder if any of that would’ve led us to a different place today.

Suddenly there was this mountain of guilt that I carry with me on my shoulders. Like all of this was my fault. That I wasn’t a good enough wife.

Other times, I wanted to blame the pandemic. I’ve read statistics about how it had increased the number of divorce cases significantly, but when I learned that it was mainly due to domestic violence and/or economic difficulties, I pushed it aside and thought this would never affect us. But the pandemic tested us in an entirely different way, and we failed that test. You told me that maybe the pandemic simply accelerated what would have happened to us five years from now, and who knows if that would’ve been better or more painful?

There were a lot of “what ifs” and “if only”. Being a stereotypical control freak, I can’t help but going into rounds of options on how I could’ve affected the outcome. My peak bargaining phase was when I even drove up to your place that one dreaded Tuesday, thinking my grand gesture would’ve changed your mind.

But of course it did not.

4. Depression

Then came the long quiet. Then came the day when it actually felt better to stay at home alone than to be surrounded with friends. Like that way I could hold and process this multitude of sadness inside of me properly, without interruption or someone else’s interpretation. Or advice, or encouragement, or validation.

The very survival tools that helped me get through the past few weeks are now just extra weights. Because now I’m not a fixer anymore, just someone going through this journey by foot.

For a few more days, I woke up every morning crying. It didn’t even take any triggers. I just did. I would wake up, emptied my bladder, then back to bed suddenly feeling so weak and couldn’t get out until I stopped crying for an hour. Then later in the day I cried some more. Maybe a little more before I go to bed.

The people whose judgment I trust the most told me that this is not permanent, that it will get better. Later someone updated that to a more realistic version: there will still be ups and downs, but the downs wouldn’t be as low/bad as before. And that’s when you know you’ve become stronger; by allowing yourself to be weak.

5. Acceptance

I’m not sure if I’ve arrived at this stage per se. Some of Kübler-Ross’ most ardent opponents would disagree with this framework altogether. But for now at least, I think writing this blog has been part of my graduating from stage 4. Funnily enough, I think you’re the person who also helped me get here.

In a fortnight we would have celebrated our 5th anniversary. Who would’ve known that we had to stop before we even hit five. You told me to never blame myself. That the past five years hadn’t been a waste of time, but the most beautiful chapter that we have gone through together, that helped us grow in our own ways. My first instinct was to argue that if it was so beautiful we should try making it to 10 or 20. But now I know that you’re right.

I know for a fact that some people thought they saw this coming because we were never meant to be. How could it be, with us being so different. I’d really hate to say that they are right, because they’re not. In a lot of different, perhaps incomprehensible ways, we are also very compatible. I brought structure to your beautiful abstract colors. You hit the accelerator and I know when to hit the brakes. How can we not be meant together when our bodies fit perfectly when you spooned me? Or how we were in perfect sync while brushing teeth before bed?

Maybe it was just the wrong timing. Maybe we decided to be together for the wrong reasons, but can meet again in the future and be together for the right ones. Or maybe this separation was supposed to happen because we were supposed to be a better version of ourselves to prepare for the next person. Or who knows, be happy by ourselves. Maybe this way I could find out whether I have truly loved and accepted myself, or if I had only been doing that vicariously through your complete acceptance of me?

I guess you will never know and shouldn’t even dare to try to guess. Two things I do know:

1. Help is everywhere. I am deeply, deeply thankful for all the love that I have received this past month. While they will never instantly fill in this big, new hole (“the baby teeth I thought I needed”), I was held, and I could survive only because of it. So to every single person who has texted, called, video called to check in, let me stay or cried, listened to me, or just sit there: I love you.

2. We still have our lives ahead of us. When you told me you could never be angry at me for more than five minutes, I believed you, because it’s like that for me too. For now, I’ll let you do what you needed to do. I’ll be right here as your best friend and I know you will too.

Trust me—I know that they call it a cycle for a reason. That it’s not a linear line of progression. In fact I’ve been going back and forth a lot until now. But at the end of the day, I resort to this quote for comfort:

“If you can love someone with your whole heart, even one person, then there’s salvation in life. Even if you can’t get together with that person.” ― Haruki Murakami, 1Q84

And this one. Always this one:

Love arrives exactly when Love is supposed to and Love leaves exactly when Love must. When Love arrives, say, “Welcome. Make yourself comfortable.” If Love leaves, ask her to leave the door open behind her. Turn off the music. Listen to the quiet. Whisper, “Thank you for stopping by.”

Tedjabayu dan Kami (1944-2021)

“Mbak, orang yang meminjamkan buku itu bodoh. Tapi Mbak tahu siapa yang lebih bodoh? Orang yang mengembalikan buku yang dia pinjam!”
Bapak being, well—himself.

Sebelum mengenal Bapak sebagai sosok yang Goenawan Mohamad sebut ‘tauladan gerakan demokrasi‘, saya terlebih dahulu bertemu beliau sebagai ayah sahabat saya. Tanggal 7 Februari 2015, saya main ke rumah beliau pertama kalinya setelah perjalanan akhir pekan singkat ke Bandung dengan Wikan. Saat itu, saya baru belajar bahwa mereka adalah keluarga Sudjojono, salah satu maestro pelukis kiri di masa revolusi. (Meski Bapak tidak terlalu suka membawa nama Sudjojono, karena dia ‘manusianya sendiri’.) Lantas ketika melihat beberapa lukisan di dinding rumah, saya langsung berasumsi semua lukisan Sudjojono.

“Mbak, yang ini lukisannya seharga 6 milyar lho!” kata Bapak (begitu keluarga beliau memanggilnya, dan kemudian saya pula) sambil menunjuk gambar burung bertanggar di pohon dengan latar belakang langit. Saya berekspresi kaget tapi tidak berkomentar apa-apa. Bapak seperti menikmati kegagapan saya. Kemudian dia tertawa sendiri. “Nggak ding, itu corat-coret Wikan aja! Paling nggak ada harganya, hahaha!”

Baru nanti saya sadar bahwa itu cuma satu dari daftar tak berujung kelakar dan kejahilan Bapak.

Di hari yang sama itu, saya mengagumi koleksi rak buku Bapak yang menjulang sampai ke langit-langit rumah mereka yang tidak besar. Saya bisa merasakan buku-buku adalah harta berharga bagi Bapak—mulai dari buku tentang sejarah, pelukis-pelukis Renaissance, sampai pasar karbon (kata Wikan, saat SMP Bapak suruh Wikan baca buku itu). Saya lupa apakah di hari yang sama atau pada kunjungan selanjutnya, Bapak meminjamkan saya buku Benedict Anderson, Java In a Time of Revolution. Buku itu saya bawa dalam perjalanan kerja sampai ke Bandung, dan sampai hari ini masih bertengger di rak buku rumah. Sekarang siapa yang berhasil mengecohmu, Pak!

Saya yang terbiasa beroperasi lewat struktur dan efisiensi di atas segalanya, pelan-pelan terserap ke dalam dunia seni dan perjuangan yang kental dalam darah keluarga Bapak. Beberapa kali saya bersama Wikan menemani Bapak dan Ibu ke acara-acara kesenian, demokrasi, atau berhubungan dengan HAM. Dari Taman Ismail Marzuki sampai Salihara. Muka Bapak selalu berbinar kalau bertemu dengan teman-teman seperjuangannya. Saat peluncuran buku Eyang Mia, Sudjojono dan Aku (yang menjadi inspirasi judul tulisan ini), Bapak tuliskan di halaman pertamanya, “Mbak Afu, kita saling belajar. Salam, Tedjabayu.”

Di salah satu perjalanan mengantar Bapak pulang, saya sempat bilang, “Duh, mobilnya perlu di-balance ini nggak lurus.” Bapak balas, “Oh ya, seperti apa?” Lalu saya contohkan lepas stir sebentar. Bapak bilang, “Oh nggak perlu. Ini memang mobilnya Kiri!” Selentingan-selentingan seperti ini yang sepertinya akan sangat saya rindukan.

Dari waktu ke waktu, terutama kalau sedang menunggu di Kedai Sagam (yang hilang setahun ini karena pandemi), Bapak akan bercerita tentang pengalamannya sebagai tahanan politik dari penjara ke penjara selama 14 tahun, sampai terakhir di Pulau Buru. Yang mengherankan, Bapak tidak pernah terdengar marah. Di balik semua ketidakadilan dan kekejaman Orde Baru, Bapak masih bisa menemukan kemanusiaan, dan kelakar—yang kadang sangat gelap, tapi tetap menggelitik. Saya ingat pernah panik karena merasa cerita ini terlalu berharga kalau hanya saya dan sedikit orang yang tahu. Untungnya, di tahun 2020 kemarin, Bapak berhasil merampungkan memoir-nya sebagai penyintas, Mutiara di Padang Ilalang.

Sekarang lebih banyak orang bisa mengetahui kenyataan sejarah dari perspektif Bapak.

Tapi lebih dari semuanya, salah satu yang paling saya kagumi adalah cintanya Bapak kepada Ibu. One of the purest, rarest things. Bapak Tedjabayu dan Ibu Tuti Pujiarti menikah selama lebih dari 35 tahun. Mereka sebenar-benarnya teman hidup, saling menyayangi dan menjaga satu sama lain setiap hari, melewati berbagai kesulitan bersama-sama. Ketika anak-menantunya kadang kritis terhadap keputusan Ibu, Bapak akan melindungi Ibu tanpa syarat. Begitu pula Ibu, semua dikorbankan untuk menjaga Bapak, untuk menyenangkan Bapak, sampai hari terakhirnya. Seminggu ke belakang saat badan Bapak sudah mulai lemah, tangan yang Bapak genggam terus tanpa mau lepas adalah tangan Ibu. Ketika mobil kami perlahan meninggalkan taman pemakaman umum di mana Bapak dikuburkan, kalimat yang Ibu bisikkan adalah, “I love you.”

Setelah terjadi pendarahan otak di tahun 2003, pihak rumah sakit bilang bahwa hidup Bapak hanya tinggal 2-3 tahun lagi. Kalau prediksi tersebut benar, maka saya tidak akan sempat kenal dengan sosok Bapak. Wikan suka bercanda bahwa saya adalah kesayangan Bapak dari semua mantan-mantan Wikan yang lain. Wikan bilang, Bapak suka ngobrol sama saya yang pintar. Kami berdua bersyukur saya bisa bertemu Bapak, bahwa Bapak bisa hadir di hari pernikahan kami, dan seterusnya meski banyak kangen yang tidak selalu bisa dipenuhi.

Kalau berusaha mengingat Bapak, saya ingat Bapak yang sedang mengikat sepatunya sendiri sambil duduk di lantai, yang menolak kalau kami tawarkan untuk bawakan tas berisi laptop kesayangannya karena tidak suka merepotkan orang. Bapak yang sering mengirim lelucon forwardan grup sebelah melalui WhatsApp. Bapak yang sayang dengan cucu-cucunya, Bapak yang tersenyum atau ngakak karena geli dengan lelucon sendiri.

Bapak had had a full life, with no regrets. Bapak adalah definisi berjuang sebaik-baiknya. Ketika Orde Baru seenaknya, Bapak sebagai mahasiswa turun ke jalan. Ketika akhirnya keluar dari penjara, Bapak mencintai Ibu dan anak-cucunya dengan sebaik-baiknya. Bapak tidak pernah mengeluh, atau bersedih atas semua yang telah terjadi pada Bapak, tapi malah mengajarkan kami semua untuk menemukan lelucon dari tempat tergelap sekalipun.

Saya tahu Bapak suka membaca, jadi saya tuliskan ini untuk Bapak baca dari rumah baru di sana. Saya mau minta maaf karena belum bisa bertemu Bapak lagi setelah terakhir mengantar Bapak pulang dari rumah Cinere, sampai Bapak menghembuskan nafas terakhir. Pandemi sialan. Tapi saya tahu Bapak tidak akan mau kami penuh benci dan penyesalan, jadi kami coba untuk mengikhlaskan.

Salam ambung, Pak. Kami sayang Bapak.

Cinere, 26 Februari 2021

Sejak dalam Pikiran, Apalagi Perbuatan: Berpikir tentang Berpikir Kritis

Artikel ini pertama kali diterbitkan oleh pada 11 Januari 2021.

Ilustrasi oleh

“It is our choices, Harry, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities.”
–Albus Dumbledore dalam Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets

Jika Dumbledore benar dan ‘diri’ kita didefinisikan oleh akumulasi keputusan-keputusan yang kita ambil dalam hidup, dari mana keputusan tersebut datang in the first place? Kalau ada frasa ‘mencari jati diri’, apakah berarti ‘diri’ sesuatu yang given dan hanya tersembunyi jauh di dalam lubuk hati untuk ditemukan? Apakah di antara kita ada diri-diri yang secara alamiah mampu membuat keputusan dengan baik, sementara diri-diri yang lain punya kecenderungan gegabah? Mungkinkah kita melatih ‘diri’ untuk mengambil keputusan dengan lebih baik jika ‘diri’ bersifat innate?

Jika kita pecah sampai ke unit terkecil, pada akhirnya keputusan-keputusan yang kita ambil adalah transmisi sinyal-sinyal neuron di dalam otak—setidaknya begitu menurut para peneliti neurosains dan psikologi. Begitu tidak romantis, jika dibandingkan dengan kutipan Dumbledore di atas. Mungkin karena itu, dalam buku Thinking, Fast and Slow, Daniel Kahneman memilih untuk menggambarkan proses berpikir manusia sebagai pertarungan tak berujung antara dua ‘karakter’ atau sistem berpikir yang mengaktifkan bagian otak berbeda: Sistem 1 yang berpikir dengan cepat, tidak sadar, dan otomatis, serta Sistem 2 yang berpikir dengan lamban, penuh usaha, dan perhitungan. Kedua sistem berpikir tersebut bergantian ‘ambil alih’ dalam pembuatan keputusan kita, tergantung pada beberapa kondisi.

Misalnya, ketika menerka ekspresi sahabat atau pasangan kita yang sedang marah, kita cukup menggunakan sepersekian detik untuk menginterpretasikan raut wajah yang tidak senang (Sistem 1). Sedangkan, untuk menebak siapa impostor di antara teman-teman yang main Among Us (“Saya lihat dia keluar dari ruang mesin!”), kita butuh menyusun argumentasi dengan seksama berdasarkan penilaian menyeluruh dari informasi-informasi yang ada (Sistem 2). Tentu banyak contoh lainnya.

Saya sendiri lebih suka menggambarkan kedua sistem ini sebagai mode kamera (mungkin ketularan suami saya yang seorang videografer): Mode Otomatis yang mampu menangkap gambar dengan cepat tapi seadanya, serta Mode Manual yang digunakan para profesional untuk menangkap gambar terbaik pun ketika menghadapi pencahayaan yang tidak sempurna. Untuk mereka yang jarang menggunakan mode manual, mungkin rasanya akan risih atau melelahkan (begitu pula berpikir dengan menggunakan Sistem 2 yang hati-hati), sehingga kebanyakan orang lebih suka menggunakan mode otomatis, meski kameranya mahal dengan berbagai fitur manual (sering kita memilih untuk mengambil keputusan dengan cepat menggunakan Sistem 1).

Kedua sistem berpikir ini ada di setiap manusia karena kebutuhan evolusi. Sistem 1 memungkinkan nenek moyang homo sapiens kabur dari serangan predator dengan cepat, sementara Sistem 2 memungkinkan kita membagi tugas berburu. Yang bahaya adalah ketika kita tidak sadar bahwa kita dimanipulasi (oleh divisi marketing produk, oleh influencer, oleh politisi berniat jahat) untuk membuat keputusan dengan Sistem 1, ketika sebenarnya itu adalah keputusan yang salah dan merugikan (kita, keluarga kita, bangsa Indonesia) jika saja kita sempat ‘mengaktifkan’ Sistem 2.

Dengan demikian, ‘diri’ adalah kombinasi sistem berpikir 1 dan 2, sementara ‘berpikir kritis’ adakah kemampuan untuk mengaktifkan Sistem 2 ini secara sadar, walaupun kondisi fisik dan mental kita mendorong kita untuk malas mengaktifkannya.

Kembali ke analogi otak sebagai kamera, kemampuan berpikir kritis adalah kondisi di mana otak kita mampu menangkap gambar (informasi, opini, atau ide yang kita terima dari luar) secara utuh, termasuk bagian yang seharusnya ‘gelap’ karena tak tertangkap mode kamera otomatis. Dengan kata lain, bagaimana otak kita dapat menyaring informasi sebelum mengambil keputusan atau tindakan.

Sebagai mahasiswa kuliah dulu, saya sempat terobsesi dengan metode Socratic questioning, yaitu pendekatan pedagogi yang menggunakan pertanyaan sebagai instrumen belajar. Seperti namanya, ini adalah metode yang digunakan Socrates di Atena, di mana ia akan berpura-pura bodoh dan bertanya kepada murid-muridnya agar mereka ‘menemukan jawabannya sendiri’. Sekarang saya bisa melihat bahwa apa yang Socrates lakukan adalah mengaktifkan Sistem 2 mereka—mulai dari memahami masalah dengan lebih baik, sampai akhirnya mendesain solusinya.

Kenyataannya, tanpa kemampuan berpikir kritis manusia akan membuat keputusan berdasarkan (1) kebiasaan, (2) opini warisan—orang tua, komunitas, kelompok sosial, peer, atau (3) jebakan berpikir seperti bias dan heuristis berdasarkan asumsi yang tidak diverifikasi:

1. Kebiasaan: “Saya memilih/melakukan ini, karena selalu dilakukan seperti ini.” Contohnya, tradisi ospek yang kurang produktif, menggunakan pemaksaan atau kekerasan yang dilakukan di universitas. Padahal dengan informasi baru yang sudah kita ketahui hari ini, program ospek bisa didesain lebih baik agar benar-benar menyiapkan calon mahasiswa dalam menghadapi kondisi kampus.

2. Opini warisan: “Kata orang tua/(interpretasi seseorang atas) agama/senior saya harus seperti ini.” Contohnya, memilih partai atau calon presiden tertentu karena tekanan sosial, dipengaruhi oleh orang lain atau diasosiasikan dengan identitas tertentu. Padahal, kalau kita mencari informasi dengan lebih lengkap, mungkin kepentingan kita lebih cocok dengan partai atau calon presiden yang satunya.

3.  Jebakan berpikir: “Karena statistik A (yang kurang lengkap atau bahkan misinformasi), maka saya harus B!” Kenyataannya, ilmu psikologi sekarang bisa digunakan untuk manipulasi apapun—diskon buat-buatan yang membuat kita ‘takut ketinggalan’, persepsi kecelakaan pesawat yang sebenarnya kalau dilihat secara statistik masih lebih rendah dari kecelakaan mobil, atau hoax yang terlihat legitimate karena menggunakan tautan website padahal website palsu bukan organisasi media resmi.

Menggunakan Sistem 1 selalu lebih nyaman dan tidak menguras energi. Itu alasannya, ketika kita dalam kondisi lelah secara kognitif, kita lebih mudah terjebak pikiran. Menggunakan Sistem 2 membutuhkan energi lebih yang tidak semua orang sukarela membayarnya. Akan tetapi, berpikir kritis bukan tentang apa yang mudah, tapi tentang memiliki otonomi. Kemampuan berpikir kritis adalah kemerdekaan untuk berpikir sendiri. Keleluasaan untuk mengumpulkan informasi secara utuh, memprosesnya secara terstruktur, sehingga kita dapat membuat keputusan terbaik atau mencari solusi yang paling efektif. In a way, seperti detektif yang memecahkan misteri (Sherlock Holmes, Conan Edogawa, Hercule Poirot—pilih jagoanmu). Kemampuan ini sangat dibutuhkan untuk berbagai masalah yang kita temukan sehari-hari baik di level personal, keluarga, organisasional, sampai permasalahan yang lebih luas seperti politik dan kebijakan publik.

Tanpa melihat gajah secara utuh, kita bisa mengambil kesimpulan yang salah berdasarkan bagian tubuh gajah mana yang kita sentuh.

Dengan berpikir kritis maka kita sedang mengembangkan self-awareness, atau kesadaran atas ‘diri’ tersebut. Ketika memproses input dari luar, menggunakan Sistem 2 berarti kita memahami apa saja yang menyusun Sistem 1 kita: trigger emosi atau kecenderungan yang mungkin datang dari trauma masa kecil, tradisi, atau nilai-nilai di mana kita dibesarkan. Pada level yang lebih dalam lagi, menggunakan Sistem 2 juga berarti memahami Sistem 1 lawan bicara kita: trigger emosi, trauma masa kecil, tradisi, maupun nilai-nilai di mana dia dibesarkan. Kita mengenal ini sebagai empati, pun terhadap mereka yang nilainya berseberangan dengan kita (sebut saja millennial dan boomer atau konservatif dan progresif).

Sehingga, kurang tepat jika berpikir kritis diasosiasikan dengan mereka yang sekedar ‘anti’ terhadap ide-ide. Yang seperti itu justru kemungkinan terjebak di Sistem 1 mereka untuk dapat melihat permasalah secara utuh, atau untuk berempati dengan lawan bicara yang perlu diajak negosiasi atau kompromi. Kemampuan berpikir kritis termasuk kemampuan berempati, mengkomunikasikan kesimpulan, keputusan, atau tindakan yang diambil tersebut dengan framing yang dapat diterima.

Melihat pentingnya kemampuan berpikir kritis ini (termasuk di dalamnya empati), saya dan beberapa teman memulai inisiatif Think Policy (@thinkpolicyid), sebagai ruang berproses bagi para profesional muda yang bekerja di pemerintahan dan sektor terkait kebijakan publik. Sejak diluncurkan tahun 2020 lalu, kami mengadakan berbagai bootcamp, diskusi publik, maupun online resources yang bertujuan mengaktifkan Sistem 2 para alumni kami.

Kalau Think Policy adalah ruang alternatif, ruang utama untuk menumbuhkan kemampuan berpikir kritis sebenar-benarnya adalah sekolah dan berbagai kegiatan ekstrakurikuler di usia formatif anak-anak. Di sekolah, kita butuh guru-guru yang menggunakan Socratic method. Di ujian akhir, lengkapi pilihan berganda dengan soal-soal esai yang mengembangkan kemampuan analisis dan menawarkan solusi. Sepulang sekolah, buka ruang-ruang untuk diskusi buku atau film, serta klub debat atau simulasi sidang yang mendorong siswa-siswa untuk berani berbeda pendapat dan melihat berbagai perspektif.

Jika teman-teman tertarik untuk mempelajari teorinya lebih lanjut, saya rekomendasikan untuk membaca buku Thinking, Fast and Slow-nya Daniel Kahneman, serta The Righteous Mind-nya Jonathan Haidt. Tapi untuk benar-benar melatih berpikir kritis, tidak ada cara lain selain mempraktekkannya sesering mungkin, dalam berbagai pengambilan keputusan, kecil atau besar. Misalnya: haruskah saya bagikan artikel yang baru saya baca ini? Apakah ada yang salah dari argumen dalam artikel ini?

Dengan berpikir kritis, mungkin pada akhirnya kita dapat membuat keputusan dengan lebih baik, dan karena-nya juga menjadi ‘diri’ yang lebih baik.

2020: The Year I Lost Myself

All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.”

I haven’t read Anna Karenina, but that opening sentence had been stuck with me for a while. Last year (2020) was a mess for almost everyone I know (as I realized while scrolling through reflection posts on the eve of December 31), but perhaps it was messy in slightly different ways for each of us. My mess didn’t even have anything to do with the coronavirus per se, although the pandemic might have exacerbated it.

You see, I think a lot. I think a lot about thinking, about being, about why people say what they say or don’t. I do this in my head, silently, making assessments one observation after another. It’s not a brag, not a call for attention, just a fact. Sometimes the thinking gets in the way of doing, but most of the time it helps me come up with a plan/approach which later makes the doing twice as efficient, compensating for the time lost to thinking.

I think a lot about myself. Not in a self-absorbed way (hopefully), but in a way that I have an unhealthy obsession to put a label or to make sense of who I am, what I’m going through, and what I’m supposed to be, what I’m supposed to do. You might have noticed that throughout this blog-memoir. When I was confused about being both a researcher and a spoken-word amateur, I called myself a nomad. Other times I wrote about what being a bilingual or marrying early means, and about arriving at a state of constant sadness. The first time I read about Hogwarts, I was happy to finally ‘belong’ in a house that appreciates intelligence, at a time when my friends at elementary school nerdshamed me. Not sure why, but I keep having this urge to clarify some sort of ‘scope’ or rules of the game as a way to understand myself.

Last year, however, my brain failed to help make sense of who or where I am in life. The year was challenging for a lot of reasons, but more than anything, I felt lost.

Without warning, I found myself hurt pretty badly at the beginning of this year.

Without going into too much details, I kind of hit a new low in the first few months of this year (way before we all realized a pandemic was coming into the picture). I did not realize I could cry so intensely for a few days straight. And even after that, I cried some more still. I’m not sure if I had properly processed it or I’m simply suppressing something that will bite me back later, but I’m glad I came out the other side. I feel much better now, and while there are some triggers that could put me back there, in most days I simply forgot—it almost feels like nothing happened.

One thing I know is that I would never wish it to happen to anyone. But if it does, I hope they get the help they would need to get through it.

I can’t find my authentic voice and cared a little less.

I don’t even remember when this happened, but at some point in late 2019 (?) Twitter got so toxic that instead of letting me—and many others—learn from our mistakes/translation- and character-limit-related misunderstood tweets—I was ‘cancelled’. I’m still recovering from quite a deep PTSD since then. I now find myself self-correcting more than once, deleting and re-tweeting my carefully drafted sentences, and later just not caring anymore.

Because between the options of being misunderstood or keeping some information/opinion to myself, it turned out I preferred the latter. Perhaps it helped that I have other platforms to share on, be it work or personal projects. But even then, I still felt a little hallow (like a weird limbo) where I’m not allowed to have an opinion because it will only be misunderstood or used to attack me out of spite.

Of course I knew that judgments thrown at you say a lot more about those people(‘s insecurity) than yourself, but your System 1 won’t always remember that. So here’s to hoping that this year I could be a little braver and stronger to be myself again, with all my shortcomings as a human being.


I lost my soul a little, trying to do too many things at once.

I’ve always been an advocate for generalists (including multitasking ones). I think each of us could become more than one thing, be it in parallel or sequenced in a lifetime. We are three-dimensional after all, and shouldn’t be confined to one role. That said, this year I have split myself too many times that I kind of lost my soul in the process (much like what happened to Voldemort and his horcruxes).

Between doing research and building a community, I almost constantly feel like I barely got caught up with everything. I kept having panic attack, feeling like I haven’t done enough, haven’t put my best on both. Not to mention that I have done at least additional 4-10 webinars per month (which I would normally divulge in, but given the spreading myself too thin, they then felt a little suffocating). All of this seemed to have happened mainly inside my head because apparently most of my colleagues thought I was doing quite well: “Mbak Afu hebat sekali bisa melakukan A-B-C, gimana bagi waktunya?”*

[*The truth is, I got a lot of help from Lidia, who is also my hero of the year, introduced by Ogi to figure out my schedule and everything. It’s one of the few things I’m grateful about this year.]

But it’s not just about doing well. In the last quarter of 2020, a friend’s IG story hit me: “Between the scale of 1-10 of being busy, someone needs to be at 6-7 in order to have enough mental space to innovate, to make great things happen.” The truth is that I have been constantly at 9-10 this year, if not 12. There’s no way someone at 12 could lead/drive something—I was struggling and did not feel good about doing the work I normally enjoyed. I started looking forward to weekends, something I never did in the past.

Another signal that I have split myself too thin: I dropped balls a few times—missed meetings or deadlines, which again was so not me. At the beginning of the year, I said I was going to help a mentor with her recent political appointment, but I ended up abandoning the team completely, barely had anything left to offer. I also talked to an editor about publishing a book, and again I ran away. I don’t want to jinx it this year so I won’t even try to promise that I’ll finally get it done this year.

Twenty-twenty was also the year I realized I hated being called an ‘influencer’ (whatever that means), and contributing to the toxic culture of trying to get people to buy something that you post. While I tried to keep an open mind and set a certain criteria (sustainable local products, etc.), promoting products without actually presenting the full options because the competitors did not pay me goes against the very value I believe in: agency. As much as I tried to ‘inform’ instead of ‘sell’ in my posts, at the end of the day I don’t have the full liberty to review as though I buy the stuff myself. Here’s being able to stop doing that in 2021.

I have been worrying a lot about my family(ies), sometimes it’s numbing.

As millennials entering their 30s perhaps could relate to, we switch roles with our parents. With COVID-19 being around and them being more vulnerable, I worry about my mom, who is still telecommuting Jakarta-Semarang for work. I worry about (but also am proud of) my dad, who has been making peace with his Parkinson’s Disease. I worry about my little brother who was brave enough to decide about what he doesn’t want to do (and consequentially what he does).

I worry mostly in silence, sometimes through sending stuff home through e-commerce. Some nights these worries could be numbing. I hope that this year I could manage these worries of mine, and simply support and be happy for them.

I was late to realize that staying in touch with art could’ve helped me remain myself. I found a new solace in nature.

Art had helped me process my anger, my fear, and hidden feelings in the past. Back in the days I would write fictions/spoken word poems here. Each time I performed (and listened to) a piece, I felt recharged, I felt that my anger, fear, and hidden feelings were understood. One of the symptoms of my losing a state of balance this year is the fact that my last spoken word poem was from August 2018.

I am grateful, that said, that Hamilton Musical was made available on Disney Plus this year, because I finally get to sing along to Lin and the original cast performing what used to just be iTunes albums I listened to on repeat on long drives. Is it weird that I found myself both in Lin (“Why do you write like you’re running out of time?“) and Angelica (“You strike me as a woman who has never been satisfied.”) Can’t wait for the pandemic to be over so we could organize a Hamilton singalong party soon.

Another special part of this year is rediscovering nature in all its glory. Between long staying at home periods, we took a break and hiked Mount Pangrango. It was over 18 hours of going up and down, overcome major obstacles and at the end accomplished something I never thought I could. Can’t wait to do more hiking sessions next year.

I look forward to rediscovering (if not reinventing) myself in 2021. Cheers.

Confession of an Impostor

A few years back I came across this term—survivor’s guilt—it’s the “mental condition of a person who believes he/she has done something wrong by surviving a traumatic event when others did not”. Probably at a very different scale and form, but I think I have been carrying a very similar feeling for a while now—that of being undeserving. I later learned that it’s probably linked to having privileges and another term: Impostor’s Syndrome.

Learning to Deal With the Impostor Syndrome - The New York Times

Not sure when or how it started. Perhaps it was when I was almost the only person in among my SD friends (who came from economically vulnerable families) to make it to Bogor’s best SMP, and it snowballed to where I am, with a dream degree and job. At almost every turn, I feel like I barely worked hard enough compared to my peers, but I always got in while they didn’t. It came with a weird survivor’s guilt too—how do I survive (sometimes thrive) when others struggle, why is the universe kind to me for no reason?

Come to think of it, I almost always had it easy. With no intentions to brag (why would an impostor brag), I listed down some evidence:

  1. On the day I competed in the first round of a national mathematics olympiad for junior high, I came unprepared, having done a sleepover at a friend’s the night before. Yet somehow I made it to the final round, and eventually won a gold medal which led me to a three-year scholarship at an international, English-speaking senior high.
  2. At senior high, I happened to be good in Turkish, went to an international language olympiad, practiced but really was just having a lot of fun, won another gold medal. That, together with another silver and bronze I got from international science project olympiads, apparently can be exchanged with an invitation to go to one of the country’s best universities. I remember feeling deeply guilty, seeing some of my friends at the dormitory studying their asses off and barely made it or did not make it at all. Why me?
  3. During undergrad time, I had so, so many windows of opportunities opened for me—organizationally, competition-wise, while maintaining a 3.8 GPA. Sure, it was stressful, but it also really wasn’t. I looked around and see some friends struggled here and there. How was I fine, barely affected with all the pressure—if anything, thrive? Still unclear.
  4. I stumbled upon my first job, which turns out to be a dream role where I could combine research with impact, and it also happens to pay really well. It was the first time they decided to hire an Indonesian-based intern, and I happened to come across the opportunity and got it, ended up being hired full time, learned a lot for almost two years, before…
  5. I got into Harvard the first time I applied. Did not even take a real course for my GRE. Got almost perfect score on my TOEFL. Sure, the preparation took a lot of time, but also it was fine. I did my best but I also did not want it so badly. There, I got the internship I wanted, approved the capstone project I wanted to do, won things, and overall did quite well.
  6. When I got back, I knew I wanted to explore the World Bank. Apparently someone forwarded my resume from a previous round of application, went through two interviews, and voila. Most people had to wait for a while before they get upgraded from a consultant to a full time position—I got that within a little over a year, for a position/title someone would normally have a lot more years of experience for.

Why does the universe love me so much and why does it bother me???

I have experienced so much joy, I have seen so much of the world, and the only feeling that now left me with is how much I wish I could have my family with me the whole time. I wish my parents were with me when I got to explore the United States. I wish Eyang could’ve visited the Louvre Museum with me. I wish my brothers could’ve seen Hogsmeade with me. After everything they’ve done for me—every single sacrifice—how am I the only one in the family who gets to enjoy all of that???

Sometimes, when a close friend of mine goes through a hard time, I deeply share their pain, but they also come with more guilt. How am I happy and well? Why can’t everyone in the world be? Shouldn’t celebration of anything be banned as long as there’s someone else sad in the corner? Can’t we do something about poverty and inequality once and for all? (Is it possible that I’m simply in denial with my own problems and struggles?)

I’m still learning to make peace with this guilt. One thing that it does is I constantly try to give back—with my time, energy, and resources. But it never feels close to being enough, while I keep feeling burnout in the process. Somebody told me it’s a Messiah complex/first daughter thing?

Anyone going through a similar thing? What’s your trick?